Tegal

Tegal

Tegal is a city in the northwest part of Central Java of Indonesia. It is situated on the north coast (or pesisir) of the province of Central Java, about 175 km (109 mi) from Semarang, the capital of the province. It had a population of 239,599 at the 2010 Census[2] and 273,825 at the 2020 Census;[3] the official estimate as of mid-2022 was 290,988 (comprising 146,735 males and 144,253 females).[1] Its built-up (or metro) area made up of Tegal Municipality and 12 districts spread over Tegal and Brebes Regencies was home to 1,366,858 inhabitants as of the 2010 census.[4] It is administratively separate from Tegal Regency, which borders it to the south and east; Brebes Regency borders it to the west. The Dutch East Indies colonial sugar industry originated in Tegal and the nearby city of Pekalongan, approximately 50 km (31 mi) to the east. Tegal Regency remained a major sugar production center until the mid-20th century.[5] The city served as a port for exporting sugar produced on the nearby plantations. Tegal is famous for its warung, commonly called "warteg" or warung tegal. It is also known for its tea products, such as teh botol Sosro, Tong Tji tea, 2 Tang tea, Gopek tea, and other brands. The city of Tegal developed from a small village called Tetegual. The modernization of the village began in the early 1530s, and it eventually became part of the Pekalongan Regency, which admitted the existence of[clarification needed] the Pajang Empire in Central Java. The Pajang Empire was the successor of the Sultanate of Demak.