Taganrog

Taganrog

Taganrog (Russian: Таганрог, .mw-parser-output .IPA-label-small{font-size:85%}.mw-parser-output .references .IPA-label-small,.mw-parser-output .infobox .IPA-label-small,.mw-parser-output .navbox .IPA-label-small{font-size:100%}IPA: [təɡɐnˈrok]) is a port city in Rostov Oblast, Russia, on the north shore of Taganrog Bay in the Sea of Azov, several kilometers west of the mouth of the Don River. It is in the Black Sea region. Population: 245,120 (2021 Census);[17] 257,681 (2010 Russian census);[8] 281,947 (2002 Census);[18] 291,622 (1989 Soviet census).[19] The history of the city goes back to the late Bronze Age–early Iron Age (between the 20th and 10th centuries BC), when it was the earliest Greek settlement in the northwestern Black Sea region and was mentioned by the Greek historian Herodotus as emporion Kremnoi (Κρήμνοι, meaning cliffs).[20] In the 13th century, Pisan merchants founded a colony, Portus Pisanus, which was however short-lived.[21] Taganrog was founded by Peter the Great on 12 September 1698.[3] The first Russian Navy base, it hosted the Azov Flotilla of Catherine the Great (1770–1783), which subsequently became the Russian Black Sea Fleet. Taganrog was granted city status in 1775.[4]