Pondicherry

Pondicherry

Pondicherry (/ˌpɒndɪˈtʃɛri/ PON-dih-CHERR-ee), now known as Puducherry (/ˌpʊdʊˈtʃɛri/ PUU-duu-CHERR-ee, Tamil: [pud̪ut͡ɕːeːɾi], French: Pondichéry [pɔ̃diʃeʁi]), is the capital and most populous city of the Union Territory of Puducherry in India. The city is in the Puducherry district on the southeast coast of India and is surrounded by the Bay of Bengal to the east and the state of Tamil Nadu, with which it shares most of its culture, heritage, and language.[2] Puducherry, formerly known as Pondicherry, gained its significance as "The French Riviera of the East" after the advent of French colonialisation in India. Puducherry is the Tamil interpretation of "new town" and mainly derives from "Poduke", the name of the marketplace or "port town" for Roman trade in the 1st century, as mentioned in the Periplus of the Erythraean Sea. The settlement was once an abode of learned scholars versed in the Vedas, hence it was also known as Vedapuri.[3]