Novokuznetsk

Novokuznetsk

Novokuznetsk (Russian: Новокузнецк, .mw-parser-output .IPA-label-small{font-size:85%}.mw-parser-output .references .IPA-label-small,.mw-parser-output .infobox .IPA-label-small,.mw-parser-output .navbox .IPA-label-small{font-size:100%}IPA: [nəvəkʊzˈnʲɛt͡sk], lit. 'new smith's'; Shor: Аба-тура, romanized: Aba-tura) is a city in Kemerovo Oblast (Kuzbass) in southwestern Siberia, Russia. It is the second-largest city in the oblast, after the administrative center Kemerovo. Population: 537,480 (2021 Census);[10] 547,904 (2010 Russian census);[11] 549,870 (2002 Census);[12] 599,947 (1989 Soviet census).[13] It was previously known as Kuznetsk until 1931, and as Stalinsk until 1961. Founded in 1618 by men from Tomsk as a Cossack ostrog (fort) on the Tom River, it was initially called Kuznetsky ostrog (Кузне́цкий острог).[2] It became the seat of Kuznetsky Uyezd in 1622.[3] Kuznetsk (Кузне́цк) was granted town status in 1689.[3] It was here that Fyodor Dostoevsky married his first wife, Maria Isayeva in 1857.[14] Joseph Stalin's rapid industrialization of the Soviet Union transformed the sleepy town into a major coal mining and industrial center in the 1930s. It merged with Sad Gorod in 1931. From 1931 to 1932, the city was known as Novokuznetsk and between 1932 and 1961 as Stalinsk (Ста́линск), after Stalin. As a result of de-Stalinization, it was renamed back to Novokuznetsk.