Nishapur

Nishapur

Nishapur, officially romanized as Neyshabur[7] (Persian: نیشابورⓘ;[note 1] from Middle Persian: 𐭭𐭩𐭥𐭱𐭧𐭯𐭥𐭧𐭥𐭩, meaning: "The New City of Shapur", "The Fair Shapur",[8] or "The perfect built of Shapur"[citation needed]),[9] is a city in the Central District of Nishapur County, Razavi Khorasan province, Iran, serving as capital of both the county and the district.[10] Nishapur is the second-largest city[11] of the province in the northeast of Iran, situated in a fertile plain at the foot of Binalud Mountain Range. It has been the historic capital of the Western Quarter[12] of Greater Khorasan, the historic capital of the 9th-century Tahirid dynasty, the initial capital of the 11th-century Seljuk Empire, and is currently the capital city of Nishapur County and a historic Silk Road city[13] of cultural and economic importance in Iran and the region of Greater Khorasan.