Middlesbrough

Middlesbrough

Middlesbrough (/ˈmɪdəlzbrə/ ⓘ MID-əlz-brə) is a town in North Yorkshire, England. The town lies near the mouth of the River Tees, forming part of the Teesside built-up area, and is located north of the North York Moors National Park. The wider Borough of Middlesbrough had a population 148,215 at the 2021 UK census.[1] Middlesbrough is the largest town of the wider urban Tees Valley area, which had a population of 678,400 in 2021.[2] Until the early 1800s, the area was rural farmland in the historic county of Yorkshire. The town was a planned development which started in 1830, based around a new port with coal and later ironworks added. Steel production and ship building began in the late 1800s, remaining associated with the town until the post-industrial decline of the late twentieth century. Trade (notably through ports) and digital enterprise sectors contemporarily contribute to the local economy, Teesside University and Middlesbrough College to local education.