Lima

Lima

 Spain (1542–1821) Protectorate of Peru (1821–1822) Peruvian Republic (1822–1836)  Peru–Bolivia (1836–1838, 1838–1839) North Peru (1838; capital) Peruvian Republic (1839–1881; capital)  Chile (1881–1883; occupied)  Peru[5] (1883–present; capital)