Kurnool

Kurnool

Kurnool is a city in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India. It formerly served as the capital of Andhra State (1953–1956).[5][6][7] The city is often referred to as "The Gateway of Rayalaseema". Kurnool is also known as The City of Gem Stones.[citation needed] It also serves as the district headquarters of its Kurnool district. As of 2011[update] census, it is the fifth most populous city in the state with a population of 484,327.[3][8] It is located on the banks of the Tungabhadra river. Although the area has been inhabited for thousands of years, modern Kurnool was founded in the 16th century CE with the construction of the Konda Reddy Fort. The original name of Kurnool is found in historical records as Kandanavōlu or Kandanōlu.[9] It used to be a crossing on the Tungabhadra River, where the bullock cart caravans are believed to have greased their wheels ("kandana" being a reference to grease).[10] The city is often referred to as "The Gateway of Rayalaseema".[11]