Eluru is a city and the district headquarters of Eluru district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is one of the 14 municipal corporations in the state and the mandal headquarters of Eluru mandal in the Eluru revenue division. The city is on the Tammileru river. The city is well known for its wool-pile carpets and hand woven products. As of 2011[update] Census of India, the city had a population of 214,414. Its history dates back to the second century CE.
It was a part of the Vengi Kingdom. During the rule of the Buddhist kingdom of Vengi, it was the capital city and was known as 'Helapuri'. It was also known as 'Ellore'. To distinguish with Vellore, which was having same pronunciation during Nizam rule, Ellore was referred as Uppu Ellore (i.e. Salt Ellore), while the former one was referred as Ra Vellore or Raya Vellore.