Bologna

Bologna

Bologna (/bəˈloʊnjə/ bə-LOHN-yə, .mw-parser-output .IPA-label-small{font-size:85%}.mw-parser-output .references .IPA-label-small,.mw-parser-output .infobox .IPA-label-small,.mw-parser-output .navbox .IPA-label-small{font-size:100%}UK also /bəˈlɒnjə/ bə-LON-yə, Italian: [boˈloɲɲa] ⓘ; Emilian: Bulåggna [buˈlʌɲɲa]; Latin: Bononia) is the capital and largest city of the Emilia-Romagna region in Northern Italy. It is the seventh most populous city in Italy, with about 400,000 inhabitants and 150 different nationalities.[5] Its metropolitan area is home to more than 1,000,000 people.[6] Bologna is most famous for being the home to the oldest university in continuous operation,[7][8][9][10][11] the University of Bologna, established in AD 1088. Originally Etruscan, the city has been an important urban center for centuries, first under the Etruscans (who called it Felsina), then under the Celts as Bona, later under the Romans (Bonōnia), then again in the Middle Ages, as a free municipality and later signoria, when it was among the largest European cities by population. Famous for its towers, churches and lengthy porticoes, Bologna has a well-preserved historical centre, thanks to a careful restoration and conservation policy which began at the end of the 1970s.[12] In 2000, it was declared European capital of culture[13] and in 2006, a UNESCO "City of Music" and became part of the Creative Cities Network.[14] In 2021, UNESCO recognized the lengthy porticoes of the city as a World Heritage Site.[15][16]