Biratnagar

Biratnagar

Biratnagar (Nepali: विराटनगर) is a metropolitan city in Nepal, which serves as the capital of Koshi Province.[7][8][9] With a Metropolitan Urban Agglomeration population of 244,750 as per the 2021 census,[10] it is the largest city in the province and also the headquarters of Morang district.[11] As per the preliminary report of 2022 Nepal census, Biratnagar Metropolitan has an estimated city population of 244,750. It is the administrative center of the Greater Birat Development Area which incorporates the cities of Biratnagar-Itahari-Gothgau-Biratchowk-Dharan[12] primarily located on the Koshi Highway in Eastern Nepal, with an estimated total urban agglomerated population of 804,300 people in 159,332 households including the town of Ithari.[13] Biratnagar is located 399 km (248 mi) east of the capital, Kathmandu, and 6 km (3.7 mi) north of the bordering town of Jogbani in the Indian state of Bihar. Biratnagar was declared a metropolitan city on 22 May 2017,[14] a merger with additional wards pushing the total population to over 240,000.[15] It is the sixth largest city of Nepal, with 244,750 inhabitants as per 2021 Nepal census.[6] It is the most densely populated city among all cities out of the Kathmandu Valley. The city is home to the Biratnagar Jute Mills, the first large-scale industry of Nepal. Besides being considered as the industrial capital of Nepal, the city has contributed actively to the Nepalese democracy movement by being the birthplace of five prime ministers of democratic Nepal. The latter claim is also evident from the fact that the first labor strike leading to the anti-Rana movement started from Biratnagar.